The Legal Chancellor in Estonia is an official who supervises the guaranteeing of constitutional rights and freedoms of citizens. The organization and activities of the institution are regulated by the Legal Chancellor Act.
The Estonian Parliament (Riigikogu) on the proposal of the President of the Republic appoints him/her to office for a term of seven years. The Legal Chancellor cannot be released from office for political reasons. It is required that the applicant for the office should be an Estonian citizen and have an academic education in law. He is independent of other state authorities in his/her activities. The Legal Chancellor is prohibited to hold another state or local government office or an office of a legal person in public law, participate in the activities of political parties, belong to the management board or engage in business activities.
He/she exercises supervision over the conformity of decrees of the President and regulations of the Government and ministers and local governments with the Constitution and laws. The Legal Chancellor has the right to speak at the sessions of the Riigikogu and the Government of the Republic and to analyze proposals made to him concerning the amendment of laws, passage of new laws and activities of state agencies. In 1999 the Legal Chancellor made 8 reports on the need to amend laws and in 2000 - 12 reports. The Legal Chancellor presents an annual overview on his activities to the Parliament.
Legal Chancellor of Estonia
Address: 16 Tonismagi Street, 15193 Tallinn
Phone: + 372 693 8400
Fax: + 372 693 8401; + 372 646 1049
Web site: http://www.oiguskantsler.ee