In Russia the ombudsman institution is set down in the Federal Constitutional Law on the Commissioner on Human Rights
in the Russian Federation, adopted by the State Duma on the December 25, 1996, and approved by the Federation Council on February 12, 1997.
The Commissioner is appointed to the post and dismissed from the post by the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation by a majority vote of the total number of the deputies of the State Duma by secret ballot. The candidates to the post of the Commissioner can be nominated by the President of the Russian Federation, by the Federal Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, by the deputies of the State Duma and by associations of deputies in the State Duma. The Commissioner is appointed to the post for 5 years and the same person cannot be appointed to that post for more than two terms in succession.
The applicant must be a citizen of the Russian Federation, not younger than 35 years, with expertise in the sphere of the human rights and freedoms, as well as experience in their protection. The Commissioner cannot be involved in public service, be engaged in any other paid or unpaid activity, with the exclusion of creative or lecturing activity. He possesses immunity during all his term in office and without the approval of the State Duma he cannot be made answerable before the courts in criminal or administrative cases.
The Commissioner investigates complaints about the decisions or actions (inaction) of the state bodies, institutions of the local self-government, officials, state employees, if a complainant appealed against these decisions or actions (inaction) according to court or administrative procedures, but does not agree with the decisions reached on his complain. The Commissioner on human rights does not examine complains about the decisions of the chambers of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation and the legislative (representative) bodies of the subjects of the Russian Federation.
The Commissioner sends an annual report about his activities to the President of the Russian Federation, the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly, the State Duma of the Federal Assembly, the Government, the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court, The Supreme Arbitration Court and the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation. These annual reports are published officially in the “Rossiyskaya Gazeta” newspaper. The Commissioner may send special reports to the State Duma of the Federal Assembly on specific issues of human rights and freedoms safeguarding.
An administrative office is established to support the activities of the Commissioner. A Council of Experts, consisting of specialists in the field of the human and civil rights and freedoms, may be established under the auspices of the Commissioner in order to provide consultative support.
High Commissioner for Human Rights
Address: 47 Myasnitskaya Street, 107084 Moscow
Phone: (095) 207-19-22
Fax: (095) 207-39-69
Web site: http://www.ombudsman.gov.ru/